USA Today | ‘It was the most unfair thing’: Disobedience, School Discipline and Racial Disparity

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A 2023 study co-authored by Assistant Professor Jing Liu was featured in a USA Today article about the connection between disciplinary action against minority students and the racial gap in education. 


Liu explains that the disproportionately high number of Black students who are suspended when compared to white students is largely driven by incidents that require a more subjective call, such as for “defiance,” rather than more objective categories like drug use or skipping class. 

Read the full article.